Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses - xpino SCHOLARS

A work tool for teachers and students, but especially for Secondary School Students. Comprehensive lesson notes, with exercises. Past questions in specific subjects for revision and research.

Sunday, January 14, 2018

Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses

Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses

Apart from hand tools, machines and portable tools are also used in woodwork to cut, plane, drill holes, and shape items. Some common woodwork machines are band saw, surface planer, thicknesser and circular saw.



Band saw 


Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses
The band saw is a machine used to cut curves and straight lines in thick and thin pieces of wood. The wood to be cut is placed on a table, in order to make contact with the teeth of the blade as it revolves. The band saw reduces the stress of woodworkers when slicing timber.
 



Surface Planer 

Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses
 
The surface planning machine is used in removing marks and twists on the face of the wood. It is used for making the surface of the timber smoother. 



Thicknesser 

Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses
The thicknesser is a woodwork machine used for planning to a specific thickness. It is similar to the surface planer. This machine is used to produce correct thickness by setting the cutter to the desired size. 


Circular saw 


Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses
The circular saw is used to prepare or resaw timber into suitable sizes for articles of joinery, furniture and some other items made of wood. This machine has a table, with a revolving knife protruding above the table. 


Drill press 

Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses

The drill press is used to drill holes in wood. However, it can be adapted to carry out other operations such as mortising, shaping, shading and boring. 



Wood lathe 


Woodwork, Basic Technology, Education, JS, LESSON NOTE, Wood Work Machines: Types and Uses
The wood lathe is used for turning wood. A turning chisel is attached to the machine to turn timber planks into circular timbers.

 

Exercises:

1. What are four examples of woodwork machines?

2. What is a band saw?

3. What is the function of a surface planer?

4. What is a wood lathe machine used for?

5. What are the differences between a circular saw machine and a band saw?

6. Why is a thicknesser of more advantage than a surface planer?

7. What is the usefulness of a surface planer?

8. Mention examples of furniture that a lathe machine can be used to make

9. Describe a band saw

10. What hand tool is used along with the wood lathe machine?


(Image sources: https://grobbandsaw.com, https://www.amazon.com, https://www.nsncenter.com, http://www.larosagroup.com, https://www.iemuk.com, http://www.caple.in, http://mmrental.com, http://www.bestcabinettablesaw.com)


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